Agra Fort is a historical Fort in the city ofAgra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty until 1638, till the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi.
The Agra fort is an UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE site.It is about 2.5 km northwest of the Taj Mahal.The fort can be more accurately described as a walled city built after the first BATTLE OF PANIPAT n 1526, Babur the Mughal Emperor stayed in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later built a Baoli(step well)on it and later on his successor, HUMAYUN, was crowned in this fort in 1530. He was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Shuri and the fort remained with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun recaptured it.
Realising the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. His historian, Abul Fazl recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’.
Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573.
It was only during the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its current state. Later on Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Begum.
At the end of his life, Shah Jahan was deposed and restrained by his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort. It is rumoured that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with a view of the Taj Mahal.
Friends…I have tried to compile all these informations from various sources along with my own photography to make it alluring to know our own heritage.